How to Improve Your Legal Writing: Techniques for Effective Communication

If you are a legal professional, you must communicate your ideas effectively in writing. Whether you are drafting a contract or a brief, the way you write can affect how well your argument is received. In this article, we will discuss techniques for improving your legal writing.


Understand Your Audience

The first step to improving your legal writing is to understand your audience. Who will be reading your document? What do they already know about your topic? What is their level of education and expertise? These are all important considerations that will influence the tone and style of your writing.

If your audience includes non-lawyers or individuals who are unfamiliar with legal terminology, it is essential to use clear and concise language. On the other hand, if you are writing for a legal expert, you may be able to use more specialized legal jargon.

Use Active Voice

Legal writing should be written in the active voice, as much as possible. This means that the subject of the sentence performs the action. For example, "The defendant committed the crime," rather than "The crime was committed by the defendant."

Using the active voice makes your writing more clear and concise. It also tends to be more engaging and persuasive, as it creates a sense of immediacy and accountability.

Avoid Legalese

While some legal terminology is necessary, it is important to avoid excessive use of legalese. Legalese refers to complex and archaic legal terminology that can be confusing to non-lawyers.

Instead of using legalese, try to use language that is accessible to your audience. Use plain English to convey your ideas and avoid jargon if possible.

Organize Your Writing

Effective legal writing is also well-organized. By organizing your writing, you help your readers understand your ideas and follow your arguments. To make your writing easier to follow, you should:

  • Use headings and subheadings to break up your writing into sections
  • Create an outline before you start writing to ensure your ideas are logically ordered
  • Use transitional phrases and connectors to create a clear flow between sentences and paragraphs

Write Clearly and Concisely

Legal writing should be both clear and concise. Using overly complex language or long-winded sentences can make your ideas difficult to understand.

To write clearly and concisely, you should:

  • Avoid redundancy and wordiness
  • Use short sentences and paragraphs
  • Use simple language and avoid technical jargon unless necessary

Proofread and Edit

Finally, it is essential to proofread and edit your writing. Spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors can detract from the professionalism and credibility of your writing.

Before submitting your writing, take the time to:

  • Proofread for spelling and grammatical errors
  • Edit for clarity and effectiveness
  • Ask a colleague or friend to review your work for feedback


In conclusion, effective legal writing requires clear and concise language, well-organized ideas, and a consideration of your audience. By following the techniques discussed in this article, you can improve your legal writing skills and communicate your ideas more effectively. Remember to proofread and edit your work before submitting, and seek feedback from others to improve your writing.

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